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Biological and Neurological Causes of Addiction

Tracie Timme

 

Addiction – Biological and Neurological Causes

An academic paper by

Tracie L. Timme – Online Counselor and Therapist

This paper is about the biological and neurological causes of addiction, how it affects many people, and systems of the body that are affected.

The category that addiction best falls into is a behavioral syndrome, noted for compulsive drug use with relapse into more drug use.  Addiction can happen without being physically dependent, and physical dependency can happen without being addicted (Spanagel & Heilig, 2005).  For the past 20 years scientists have looked at positive drug reinforcement as what lies beneath addictions.  According to Spanagel & Heilig (2005), other neuronal systems must aid in addictive behavior, all systems work together.  This means that one system affects the other.  One of these systems, which detect influencing environmental stimuli, is the mesolimbic dopamine system, which affects the core brain reinforcement system.  The hypothesis for the neurobiology of addiction is that there are changes on the molecular and structural levels that are irreversible, caused by the dopaminergic reinforcement system having synaptic plasticity, due to constant drug use. (Spanagel & Heilig, 2005).  Scientists seem to think that there is some kind of modular switch that explains the irreversible transition from controlled drug use to compulsive drug use.  These scientists say “It has been claimed that transcription factors such as “AFosB” may constitute such a molecular switch” (Spanagel & Heilig, 2005, p. 2).  This transition factor builds up in the mesolimbic dopamine system with continuous drug use.  However a modulator of transcription factors is Per2 and that does remain in the brain for quite a few weeks after drug treatment.  Some change in the mesolimbic dopamine system that is irreversible that has been seen is the micro structural alterations on the dendrites of medium spiny neurons, which are the essential cell population inside the mesolimbic dopamine system.  However, that change is not seen past 3 months after drug treatment ends.  That contradicts the irreversible switch theory of moving from controlled drug use to compulsive drug use (Spanagel & Heilig, 2005).

Schepis, Adinoff, & Rao, state that adolescents are more persistently and acutely affected by addiction than are adults.  These differences possibly have to do with neuroplastic changes that aid entrenchment and accelerated use, which leads to more neurobiological liability and SUD (substance use disorder) being great factors as the outcome (Schepis et al., 2008).  This study also shows that adolescents with a family history of substance use are more likely to have neurobiological and neurobehavioral dysfunctions (Schepis et al., 2008).  Adolescence is the period when most neurons grow.  Neurocognitive functions such as decisions, monitoring oneself, controlling impulses, and gratification delay, are relative to the PFC (prefrontal cortex) and the anterior cingulate activity; these things seem to be affected by changes in pretty much all of the neurotransmitter systems.  The most important factors in becoming a SUD are alterations in the dopamine related systems.  Dopamine is a key factor in the mesolimbic neural pathways (Schepis et al., 2008).  According to Schepis et al., “This circuit originates in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and projects to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and various limbic structures” (p. 8).  A variety of environmental reinforcers trigger the mesostriatal to release dopamine (DA).  In order to assign value to these reinforcing stimuli, there needs to be an increase in striatal concentrations of DA (Schepis et al., 2008).

Big scary spiderIn an article about SUD by Taylor, he explains Gray’s behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and the behavioral activation system (BAS), which, may be seen in the physiological reactions and shown in the psychopathology.  Gray also says that the neural structure of the BIS incorporates information to the prefrontal cortex (PFC), and the neural structure of the BAS could be related to the dopaminergic reward circuit (Taylor, 2005).

Love passion, what some people consider an addiction, has neurobiological links with addiction.  In love passion, neurochemicals that play a part in wanting that feeling all the time are dopamine, ocytocin, and vasopressin.  Dopamine plays a major role in addictions.  Other neurotransmitter systems that are common between addiction and love passion are GABA and glutamate, noradrenaline and serotonin, opioid, and cannabinnoid.  These are implicated in the addiction process, as is the corticotrophin system that regulates the oxytocinergic and dopaminergic systems (Reynaud, Karila, Blecha, & Benyamina, 2010).  Even though love passion is not considered to have a recognized definition or diagnosis criteria, it is very similar to addiction.

Alcohol affects GABAA  receptors and a subtype of glutamate receptors called N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA).  These neurotransmitters control the excitatory tone and activity of the brain.  GABA is the inhibitory neurotransmitter and glutamate is the excitatory neurotransmitter (Devaud, Risinger, & Selvage, 2006).  Incoordination, reduced nervousness, anticonvulsant, and relaxation, the symptoms of intoxication, are partly controlled by coming across these neurotransmitter systems.  These actions show how the central nervous system (CNS) reacts to more GABAergic activity and less glutmatergic activity (Devaud, et al., 2006).  GABAA  and  NMDA receptors are part of a larger receptor family and each has their own protein make-up.  The different neurological responses are due to the combination of the different receptors.  Men and women have a different chemical make-up as far as systems go.  The difference between men and women when they drink is in the brain- and endocrine-mediated stress reactions.  Men take the flight or fight response, whereas women tend to try to nurture the other and avoid aggressiveness (Devaud et al., 2006).

Another test shows that substance use and most psychiatric disorders are common and complex and have multiple genes that play into the phenotype, which show no pattern of Mendelian transmissions.  There are two parallel mechanisms that influence this genetic complexity.  One is the explanation of polygenicity, which means many genes come together at the same time to ensure vulnerability.  In SUD, the genes that might be involved are genes related to drug-specific metabolism, neurobiological processes regulators similar to all abused drugs, and some that comorbidity-related that change environmental vulnerability.  The second parallel mechanism that influences genetic complexity is heterogeneity, which shows that it is only one genetic variation that could make up a single specific phenotype that could be needed for the initiation and possibly the upkeep of addictions (Schumann, 2007).

Different people have different chemical make-ups, so everyone, more than likely, will have different effects from addictions.  The many different receptors bind with different chemicals; if there is some disruption of that binding, many different affects could happen.  Some people simply do not to become addicted to things, where others become addicted very easily.  It is all in how chemicals bind together with the receptors, and apparently in the genetics.

Alcoholism is a terrible addiction that has been shown to be passed down from generation to generation.  People who have a history of alcohol abuse in their family, have a greater chance of using themselves.  According to previous studies Hanson, Medina, Nagel, Spadoni, Gorlick, and Tapert, (2010) hypothesis says that there is a difference in the size of the hippocampus of adolescents with a family history alcohol use problems and those adolescents who do not have a history of alcohol use issues.  When the hippocampi of non-drinking youth with a family history of alcohol use was compared with youth who did not have a history of alcohol use in the family, those who had the history had smaller hippocampi or asymmetry that was abnormal (Hanson et al., 2010).  The hippocampus is involved in making new memories.  There is ongoing myelination in teen years, so if there is a problem with family history of alcohol use, then there will no doubt be a neurodevelopmental lag that hinders the proper growth of the left and right hemispheres of the hippocampus (Hanson et al., 2010).  From their own preliminary findings, their hypothesis found not to be correct.  Hanson et al. (2010) found that the hippocampal asymmetry was the same for youth with and without a family history of alcohol use.

Slutske et al. (2002) looked at four different studies on alcohol expectancies.  Out of those four, three of them were done on twins.  All of the participants of these studies were experienced drinkers (Slutske et al., 2002).  What people expect of alcohol starts when they are young.  Children see adults drink all the time, whether it is on the television, the radio, in a restaurant, or, sadly enough, in their own homes.  From these experiences we can see how others are affected by alcohol.  They look like they are having a lot of fun. Whether they are laid back and relaxed, laughing hysterically, or not afraid of anything, almost superhero type, so we expect what we see to happen to us.  With that in mind we start to drink.  Those who have a family history may start sooner than others, because they were exposed to it much younger and on a regular basis.  In a recent study Slutske et al. (2002), examined how genetics, parents’ thoughts, and the same peer groups, affected thoughts of alcohol use, compared to thoughts of alcohol use with factors that are unrelated, peer groups that are not the same.  What they came up with from this study, was that genetics alone did not make a significant difference, but when added to the family environment, together they made a huge difference on how people thought of alcohol and its use (Slutske et al., 2002).  The thought here is that the social learning theory has more to do with alcohol use and dependence than does only genetics.

The ethanol in alcohol effects the predisposition of abuse and dependence.  The way neural pathways are activated or deactivated by alcohol.  With this in mind, research has turned to pharmacology, where medications affect cellular and physiological levels in the brain (Ray et al., 2010).  These endophenotypes affect the subjective responses of alcohol, therefore may work to help treat alcoholism.  The medication that is approved by the FDA has shown to lessen the good feelings of the alcohol, bring out more of the fatigue, stress, and confusion felt by alcohol use, therefore lowering the enjoyment (Ray et al., 2010).

Carlson (2010) explains that there are variations of genes that do play a big role in becoming addicted to substances.  Environment also has a lot to do with whether you become dependent or not.  He also goes on to explain that being prone to becoming an addict could be how your body metabolizes substances or by how the structures and biochemistries in your brain differ (Carlson, 2010).

A cause for alcoholism could be that the person is predisposed to the genetics of an alcoholic.  However, just because you may be predisposed to alcoholism does not mean you will automatically become an alcoholic yourself.  It may take outside factors to play a role in becoming an alcoholic.  Coming from a line of alcoholics and seeing it every day, may have great impact on how you see the disease.  Having friends that you spend most of your time with, could also have a great impact on whether or not you drink.  A trusted friend, colleague, boss, or family member may offer you a drink to calm down, and it works, you like it, therefore you use it to chase away the blues or your bad day.  You repeat these feelings of being alright enough that you now need it to get through your day.  You become addicted.

References

Carlson, N. R. (2010). Physiology of behavior (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.

Devaud, L. L., Risinger, F. O., & Selvage, D. (2006). Impact of the hormonal milieu on the neurobiology of alcohol dependence and withdrawal. Journal of General Psychology, 133(4), 337-356. doi:10.3200/GENP.133.4.337-356

Hanson, K. L., Medina, K., Nagel, B. J., Spadoni, A. D., Gorlick, A., & Tapert, S. F. (2010). Hippocampal volumes in adolescents with and without a family history of alcoholism. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 36(3), 161-167. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Ray, L. A., Mackillop, J., & Monti, P. M. (2010). Subjective responses to alcohol consumption as endophenotypes: Advancing behavioral genetics in etiological and treatment models of alcoholism. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(11), 1742-1765. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Reynaud, M., Karila, L., Blecha, L., & Benyamina, A. (2010). Is love passion an addictive disorder? The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36(5), 261-267. doi:10.3109/00952990.2010.495183

Schepis, T. S., Adinoff, B., & Rao, U. (2008). Neurobiological processes in adolescent addictive disorders. The American Journal on Addictions, 17(1), 6-23. doi:10.1080/10550490701756146

Schumann, G. (2007). Okey lecture 2006: Identifying the neurobiological mechanisms of addictive behaviour. Addiction, 102(11), 1689-1695. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01942.x

Slutske, W. S., Cronk, N. J., Sher, K. J., Madden, P. F., Bucholz, K. K., & Heath, A. C. (2002). Genes, environment and individual differences in alcohol expectancies among female adolescents and young adults. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 16(4), 308-317. doi:10.1037/0893-164X.16.4.308

Spanagel, R., & Heilig, M. (2005). Addiction and its brain science. Addiction, 100(12), 1813-1822. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01260.x

Taylor, J. (2005). Substance use disorders and cluster B personality disorders: Physiological, cognitive, and environmental correlates in a college sample. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 31(3), 515-535.

Click here to contact Tracie Timme for your counseling needs.

Women and addiction

Tracie Timme

 

Women and addiction

An academic paper by

Tracie L. Timme – Online Counselor and Therapist

 

This paper will look at women and addiction.  Women have differences in treatment from men, so this paper will examine the differences between the etiology of addiction in men and women.  Because men and women differ on many things, we will also look at the specific needs of women in treatment.  This paper will discuss both the good and bad aspects of using single and co-ed gender groups in treatment.  In addition, this paper will also see the co-occurring issues women face when they are in treatment.

Men and women differ in their makeup.  When men and women drink the same amount of alcohol, even when the body weight is calculated for, women have a higher blood alcohol level (Frances, Miller, & Mack, 2005).  Men have more body water and less body fat than do women.  Men also have more alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is an enzyme in the gastric mucosa.  This enzyme increases the metabolism of alcohol in the stomach, therefore allowing less to pass into the bloodstream (Frances et al., 2005).  Women have a faster metabolism when it comes to alcohol, less of a tolerance for it, and their blood alcohol concentrations have great variability.  These factors lead to more unpredictable reactions to alcohol that are more intense.  A lot of the differences come from the differences in our blood.  Women have menstrual cycles; therefore the plasma levels vary depending on the time of the month.  When it comes down to the environment vs. genetics thoughts, it appears that women are more susceptible to environmental factors and men are more likely to have genetic factors influencing them (Frances et al., 2005).

addictionThere are few same-gender programs, but the few that there are have programs to meet the specific needs that women have, such as those that have dependent children.  There is also a growing concern for older women who have not had addiction problems in the past; those who have lost many people they love, have declining health, and have access to prescription drugs, may fall into addiction.  Women who are retiring may be lost and confused now that they do not feel they have meaning in their life (Matheson, 2008).

One concern that has been reported by women when in a treatment program that is co-ed is that they are afraid of being a target and being harassed sexually by the male staff members and the males in the group; this is a concern because there is still such a bad stigma attached to females with addictive disorders and who are in treatment (Matheson, 2008).

Women face many problems other than their addiction when they seek treatment.  In the past, when women had a problem with addiction, their families tried to keep them secluded and out of the treatment setting.  Many families figured that in isolation, the woman’s problem would just go away (Wechsberg, Luseno, and Ellerson, 2008).  Very often when a woman did finally get to attend a treatment program, she already had poor mental and physical health.  Not to mention the fact that the women had to still care for their families and could not leave home.  Many have issues with transportation and child care.  According to Najavits, Rosier, Nolan, and Freeman, 2007, women have more health problems related to substance use disorders (SUD), they are, higher rates of death, co-occurring mental health disorders, more stigma and social isolation, and get addicted quicker.  Depression often occurs with substance use and women, clinicians need to determine with is the primary problem, and which the secondary is.  The question to be answered is whether depression lead to abuse or abuse lead to depression.  Often if the abuse lead to the depression, depressive symptoms diminish when substance use decreases (Frances et al., 2005).  Women more often seek medical help for things such as anxiety, depression, infertility, sleeplessness, peptic ulcers, and hypertension.  When a woman complains of these things, the clinician should delve deeper into whether or not the woman has an alcohol or drug problem (Frances et al., 2005).

It seems women benefit more from a same-gender treatment center setting.  Women can feel safer and receive care that is specifically tailored to meet their needs.  They can be with others who understand exactly what they are going through.  Same sex clinicians would also benefit women with addiction problems, they can feel more comfortable talking with another women, this way they do not fear the judgment and thoughts of a man who they may feel sees them as promiscuous, asking for it, a slut, or a monster (Wechsberg et al., 2008).

There seems to be a great need for more funding and services for just women with addictions.  They have many more needs as do their male counter parts.  For the most part men with addictions do not need to seek care for children to attend a treatment program.  Since males are generally the bread winners, they often have benefits to help them cover cost for treatments.  Less fortunate women most often do not get the medical help they need because they do not have access to it.  We, for the best interest of this world, need to recognize the need for treatment programs that specialize in the problems that women face when they have an addiction and need treatment.

References

Frances, R. J., Miller, S. I., & Mack, A. H. (Eds). (2005). Clinical textbook of addictive disorders (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.

Matheson, J. L. (2008). Women’s Issues With Substance Use, Misuse, and Addictions: One Perspective. Substance Use & Misuse, 43(8/9), 1274-1276.

Najavits, L. M., Rosier, M., Nolan, A., & Freeman, M. C. (2007). A New Gender-Based Model for Women’s Recovery From Substance Abuse: Results of a Pilot Outcome Study. American Journal Of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 33(1), 5-11.

Wechsberg, W. M., Luseno, W., & Ellerson, R. (2008). Reaching Women Substance Abusers in Diverse Settings: Stigma and Access to Treatment 30 Years Later. Substance Use & Misuse, 43(8/9), 1277-1279.

Click here to contact Tracie Timme for your counseling needs.

Love and Addictions!

Could a Person in Active Addiction Love His/Her Partner the Way They Expect and Deserved to Be Loved?

Rodica MihalisRodica Mihalis

Addictions!!! Addictions everywhere, to various drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, sex, various harmful behaviors… just about anything that would product a quick HIGH to only leave the user wanting more, needing more and using/doing more! Addictions plague our lives, some in the open, some hidden under the mountains of lies and pretense.

Addictions run in my family and my husband’s, or to tell the truth, my ex-husband’s, who two years after our separation killed himself. Why? It is hard to tell, because suicide is a complex matter, and the ways depend on each person and not what those around do, or do not do.

When I first met my husband of almost 20 years, I knew he was smoking weed, I suspected he was using other, more potent drugs, but in my innocent mind, believed I was going to CHANGE HIM!!! Stop the addictions because they were bad for him and I was so skilled in showing him the “healthy” path, he would just turn away from addictions and follow my lead to a long, happy life. To put it plainly, I thought I could control the bad… I overestimated the evil…

At the beginning, it worked. One by one, he quit all the damaging substances. Later, I realized that perhaps, at the beginning, the needed “high” was coming from the novelty of the situation, from a new sexual  relationship and a new life that came with it: a home, children the admiration of those who thought he was “hopeless…”

Temporary!!! Yes, it was all temporary!

Unless an addicted person wants himself or herself to CHANGE!!! other people’s efforts are useless!

I don’t mean to “deflate” anyone, but YOU CANNOT CHANGE ANYONE PERMANENTLY!!! A PERSON MUST WANT TO CHANGE HIMSELF OR HERSELF!!! Changing  others is not possible. We only have control over ourselves and our attitude and what we do with our lives.

So… could a person in active addiction or forced to quit LOVE YOU?

My experience? May be in the beginning, when you are the new high, the novelty. But is this love or lust? Is it deep and lasting? Is it trustworthy?

Big scary spiderIn a few years, if the person was forced to quit because of YOU, it may turn to resentment, fear and ultimately lies, when your addicted partner starts hiding from you the fact  that they went back to their first love: the bottle, weed, cocaine, gambling, sexual encounters with no strings attached…  you might not even know! I didn’t. For years I thought his sudden sweats where the result of a  mysterious health condition and our lack of money, the result of a bad economy!  Until one day, when I received a letter from the IRS and I looked through our finances to find tens of checks written to cash… $5,000 each. And that was the day when I was pushed from the top of the tower of blind trust into the dark waters of fear and mistrust! The addictions won over our lives, our children, my love and trust. I was powerless and humbled.

Do they love YOU, the children you conceived together? The answer, as I experienced it, is, may be, but are they able to EXPRESS their love for you, their children? The love for the “addiction” comes FIRST!!!  You and your family compete with the addictions! Everything is done to cover the truth: lies, financial deceit, promises, lies again…

The only path I know of, which leads to a good like, is the person’s own will and decision to change. God gave us FREE WILL and CHOICES and CONSEQUENCES. Each person is only responsible and may only make theirs.

I humbly must admit that no one could “save” or “change” anyone else, unless they want to. A partner may support, encourage and be with someone who, on his/her own wants a change.

Control over others is a myth! Control over our own attitudes, is the truth!

Rodica Mihalis is a Privileged ProvenTherapist, an author, and blogger. Contact her for a counseling appointment.

The trigger link between the synthetic Cannabis to “Spiceophrenia”

memory problems and PTSD

Jamal Hassan – Privileged ProvenTherapist

In the recently concluded 24th annual symposium of American Association of Addiction Psychiatry on 07 Dec 2013 the case presentation confirmed the close link between the eruption of symptoms similar to that of schizophrenia and the synthetic cannabis. In fact the synthetic cannabis has a variant chemical structure ten times severe in potency than the natural cannabis which has the chemical structure of  THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol: C21H30O2: MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 314.47: BOILING POINT: 200°C (392°F) LD50: ). Hence  the severity shall be assessed  how easy prey  our  youngsters who just experiment to smoke it as it is hyped as legal high and  nick named as  “ spice” and K2. But our therapeutic community recently reported that there is no link between cannabis use and schizophrenia. But in acutlity either natural or artificial cannabis they have their triggers hidden and open to the schizophrenic episodes such as delusion and illusion even for the first timer to develop such  symptoms associated with their first time exposure to the deadly drugs consumed in any form.

But the awareness of its deadliness and the severe and stringent law of the present times controlled the usage and reported cases are in less number in USA. My question now is what about countries like India, Thailand and other third world countries where the syndicates run this business as a big industry in manufacturing , filtering, purifying (as quality conscious to certify their produces and supplies!) and making it to lanes in the hands of peddlers?  Thanks to the apparatus which put this effect into reality in US. Together with the law and the awareness programme we shall also make a positive pro-social change in any challenges faced in the field of addiction. When our scientific community is mislead with the super titles appearing with a picture of a girl smoking the cannabis titled as “No link established between marijuana and schizophrenia” in leading and widely read magazines is definitely misleading one. What is our responsibility to educate the youth and the addticted victims already sucked in the whirlpool of addiction? This is a deep search for the truth after meeting the claims and counter claims related to the addiction issue. I submit my humble courtesy to the AAAP published paper on the case study and the team of researchers. In spite of WHO and other agencies sincere advertising campaigns the smokers strength is alarmingly increasing year by year. I wish draw the attention of that fact too here as simple smoking habit later take the shape of smoking the pot too.

I too wish to accept the new term “Spiceophrenia” like the original authors if fellow clinicians have aversion to use the disorder schizophrenia on the lighter side of this write up.  The spade shall be called with other names too still spade is a spade!

“Release Yourself from Grief and Addiction,” Jeffrey is a ProvenTherapist!

Jeffrey Perkins is a licensed Counselor in child abuse recognition, licensed in Special Education and also the publisher of “Breaking Down Communication Barriers of Children with Autism.” He is a new member of the approved ProvenTherapists team.

Jeffrey Perkins

PRLog (Press Release) – Oct. 25, 2013 – SUFFOLK, Va. — Jeffrey has been practicing mental and behavioral health, intensive in-home, grief and addiction counseling to children, adolescents and adults alike throughout his career. He has counseled middle and high school teenagers for over 20 years as well as providing educating families on parenting skills which has vastly improved their relationships with their children. Jeffrey has taught as a licensed special education teacher for over 20 years and has provided grief and addiction counseling for approximately 10 years.

Jeffrey’s Expert Service

Jeffrey is a team oriented counselor with a great deal of compassion. He realizes that it takes a team effort (counselor as well as the individual or families being served) in order to make counseling or therapy excel and reach those individuals as it should. He is very empathetic to the client and makes a point to “place himself in their shoes” in order to get the full effect of what the client is facing and the journey that he or she has traveled along the way. Jeffrey strongly believes that listening is the first and most important element in dealing with a person’s grief or addiction and that it lays the foundation for the counseling structure that is being built between the therapist and the client. Jeffrey states “Many barriers can be eliminated simply by listening and building trust with your client.” He believes that social media and the services being provided by https://www.proventherapy.com serve as a springboard to those who are in need of counseling and simply don’t know of any other options available to them.

Read full story here…

Major Signs Of Addiction, Brain Oxygen Concentrations And Most Natural Treatment

The word “addiction” is extremely over-used by nearly all of men and women today. We allege to become “addicted” to anything from chocolate bars to drugs and every small thing in between, like coffee, alcohol, junk food and action movies. Valid addiction, though, is more threatening than the typical “jonesing” emotion that you will get for the stuff you are really enthusiastic about. Having said that, not each single “addiction” is a unhealthy thing. Various people truthfully are “addicted” to elements we may normally think are absolutely harmless. As an example, what is the boundary in between usual use of coffee and coffee addiction?

So are you in reality dramatically addicted to something or do you simply thoroughly love it a great deal? Here are a few of the characteristics that you may be hooked on something.

Has your tolerance for your substance enlarged a lot? Whether it is so, then it relates to your lowered oxygen quantity in brain tissues, as recent clinical breakthroughs state. They noticed that individuals with proper addictions always have inadequate results for the basic body oxygen test. But let me go back to warning signs of addictions.

Take for instance, once upon a time you could have felt better after consuming a single cup of coffee. These days, though, it might take a much more than that to help you feel evened out for the day. This can be a clear indication of addiction. When we consistently require more of something to assist ourselves feel better it’s really a symptom that the something we’re craving for starts to gain control over our brain. This is frequently one of the earliest and most identifiable symptoms of addiction. This case with coffee and caffeine addiction has indeed potent connections with decreased body oxygen levels resulting from deep and heavy basal breathing or chronic hyperventilation. If you want to verify it and study even more pertaining to caffeine addiction, follow through this link caffeine addiction created by Dr. Artour E Rakhimov (NormalBreathing.com).

Have you started hiding the things you desire from other people unknowingly? This is an issue that a lot of people who become addicted to drugs and alcohol will typically do. They want to raise their confidence and self-esteem utilizing alcohol as well as drugs and do this for the reason that they’ve discovered that their consumption has become obvious. Consequently, they hide things around their residences and workplaces to ensure that obtaining a fix is not hard and private for them. If you have started concealing things out from view to escape having folks commenting on them, it is a obvious warning call. Keep in mind, nonetheless, that hiding a bag of chocolate bars from a person because you merely require you want to make a treat to them is utterly distinct from hiding chocolates all over your house and telling people that you never eat it.

Have you begun lying on the subject of how regularly you use or partake in the thing you truly desire? For example, alcoholics will frequently begin drinking at home before heading out for public drinks with friends in the pub. This allows them to really feel more confident and consume as much alcohol as they want without looking like they are drinking a whole lot in public’s eyes. On the other hand they might continue ingesting when they finally go back home. This sort of dishonesty and hiding of your behavior is a sign that you already know what you are doing happens to be incorrect. Concentrate to that types of feeling. Also, consider proven and most natural therapy for addictions. You really need to improve your diminished oxygen amount in brain cells by changing your basal or unconscious breathing patterns. When you have heavy and fast unconscious breathing, you suffer from reduced oxygen tension in body tissues and reduced confidence. If you acquire easy and slow basal breathing day and night, you have excellent brain oxygen content. This is the completely natural method how to be more confident. Just click the last link for all specifics. You can master everything and eradicate addictions and low confidence totally free.

It’s important to keep in mind that addiction can eventually come in many different types. We may grow to be addicted to very simple things like shopping and eating fast foods just as simply as we can become addicted to drugs or alcohol. If you have started to lie concerning your behavior, conceal your behavior or if it requires considerably more of the particular thing or action to help you feel happy, these are distinct signs that you need to boost your O2 quantity in brain cells. Nearly anything is fine in moderation – it is when that one thing starts to take control of other areas of our existence then we have a tendency to run into trouble. Obviously, the most natural treatment are those methods that increase oxygen concentrations in brain cells.